A Prisoner’s Reflections On Nelson Mandela

Yulia Tymoshenko

Yulia Tymoshenko

Yulia Tymoshenko – Incarceration is said to leave you with a feeling of helplessness and vulnerability. But the truth of life for a political prisoner, even for one on a hunger strike, is the opposite. As a prisoner, I have been forced to focus on what is essential about myself, my political beliefs, and my country. So I can almost feel the presence of the brave women and men, old and young, who have gathered in Kyiv and other Ukrainian cities to defend their dreams of a democratic and European future. In prison, your hopes and dreams become your reality.

I am sure that Nelson Mandela would have understood my feelings and agreed. The South African apartheid regime may have locked him away for almost three decades, but in the great Soweto protests and the other demonstrations for freedom and equality, courageous young South Africans invariably looked to his example and felt his presence.

Around the world, most people now rightly celebrate the gentle dignity with which Mandela led South Africa out of the political wilderness. Even here, behind prison bars and 24-hour surveillance of the type that he experienced for so long, I can conjure the warmth of his broad smile, merry eyes, and those colorful Hawaiian-style shirts that he wore with such panache.

And I can admire his unyielding – and, yes, sometimes wily – commitment to reconciliation, which saved his country from the race war that those who refused to accept the end of white-minority rule saw as inevitable. How wrong they were, and how miraculous was Mandela’s achievement in making even his most implacable enemies feel at home in post-apartheid South Africa.

But here, in this place, it is not Mandela the statesman who touches my soul and fires my imagination. “My” Mandela is the prisoner, the Mandela of Robben Island, who endured 27 years behind bars (18 of them on a rock in the South Atlantic) and yet emerged with his spirit intact, brimming with a vision of a tolerant South Africa, a country liberated even for apartheid’s architects and beneficiaries.

No purges marked the end of white rule. There were no witch-hunts, nor was there summary justice. All that Mandela demanded was that the truth about the past be revealed. Through the unique innovation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Mandela found the only viable bridge between his country’s racist legacy and its multi-racial present and future – a combination of political genius and humane wisdom that only the greatest of leaders possess.

Mandela was able to guide South Africa to freedom, because he was able to see its future more clearly than those who lived through the apartheid years outside of prison. Indeed, he possessed that rare clarity of moral vision that prison – perhaps like no other environment – can nurture.

Imprisonment brought Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn this clarity as well. “Gradually it was disclosed to me that the line separating good and evil passes not through states, nor between classes, nor between political parties, either – but right through every human heart – and through all human hearts,” he wrote in The Gulag Archipelago. “This line shifts….And even within hearts overwhelmed by evil, one small bridgehead of good is retained. And even in the best of all hearts, there remains…an un-uprooted small corner of evil.”

The ability to begin to see more clearly than most the inner workings of the human soul is one of the few gifts that imprisonment can bestow. Forced to reckon with your own vulnerability, isolation, and losses (and seemingly lost cause), you learn to look more carefully into the human heart – yours and that of your jailers.

Mandela epitomized this rare gift. How else could he have personally invited one of his Robben Island jailers to attend his inauguration as South Africa’s first democratically elected president?

Of course, behind Mandela’s generous spirit was a character of steel. He bore his imprisonment for the sake of his cause. And he bore the anguish of the suffering imposed on his family. And yet he neither broke nor surrendered to the rage that would have consumed most people.

As usual, Mandela’s own words about his day of personal liberation show how well he understood this: “As I walked out the door toward the gate that would lead to my freedom, I knew if I didn’t leave my bitterness and hatred behind, I’d still be in prison.” And just as Mandela knew in his prison cell that apartheid would one day fall, I know in my solitude that Ukraine’s ultimate triumph as a European democracy is certain.

 © Project Syndicate


  1. Steven Hill says

    Oh please. While I think the imprisonment of Tymoshenko is politically motivated and wrong, and reveals the ugly face of the current regime ruling Ukraine, let’s face it – Tymoshenko was no angel. She seemed to be yet another inept, egomaniac kleptocrat that part of the world seems to produce on a fairly regular basis. If she had been a competent elected official, Yanukovych would never have won the last election, so she can take her share of blame for the current troubles. I’m sorry, but comparing herself to Mandela is a bit too much. I hope she gets out of prison soon, but she is not to be trusted.

    • Victor Ostapchuk says

      Unfortunately your comment (“If she had been a competent elected official, Yanukovych would never have won the last election”) reveals little knowledge of her 2 stints as PM under the Yushchenko presidency. It was the latter who did everything he could to sabotage her terms (continually putting sticks into her wheels, making sure the coalition that brought her to power was rarely working in her favor, while he tried to form a broad coalition with Yanukovych; sabotaging the 2009 gas negotiations in Moscow so as to protect his RosUkrEnergo partners etc.). Yes she was not angel, but you cannot simplistically project her 1990s “gas princess” era with her time in politics. Ukrainian politics is not as simple black and white as you portray them.

  2. Peter Wahl says

    Disgusting parasitism of Tymoshenko, abusing Mandela’s image to make forget how she became rich and powerful.

    • Victor Ostapchuk says

      That she became rich and powerful does not automatically mean she has no redeeming qualities. Yes she became rich in the 1990s when the rules and laws were in flux and not set, when the property of the USSR was plundered by many of the economic and political class. But some remained bandits into the 2000s up until today, while Tymoshenko ever since her first stint in the early 2000s in charge of energy fought corruption (then she cut off the gas oligarchs) has been an enemy of the oligarchs for which she was never forgiven by them and is the main reason she was put away). Where are you facts re her corruption from say 2000-2010? A bit of balance would be nice.

  3. says

    She is a political prisoner, like Mr Mandela was. The only difference is that Mrs. T here was raised in a wealthy family and became a big oil executive, and nobody trusts her. Of course, I trust that she’d be a better President than that useless Yanukovych. HE said NO to Europe and YES to Russia. Because of his idiotic actions, Ukraine has taken a HUGE step backwards.

    • Victor Ostapchuk says

      So many less then knowledgeable posts. Her family was rather poor. If she was president Ukraine would be well on the way to Europe and even NATO which in that neighborhood really counts for something.