A New Path For Europe

Bernadette Segol, New Path For Europe

Bernadette Segol

After more than five years of a twin economic and social crisis, austerity policies have failed in Europe. In the EU, economies continue to stagnate, while current levels of unemployment remain at 12%. Often those with a job find themselves in a situation of precarious work with no social protection. Educational opportunities are denied to millions of young people, who, in many cases are forced into emigration.

In addition, we have seen divisions open up in Europe; inequalities between people, certainly, but also clear divisions between member states. Social cohesion has been eroded.

There are some who claim that the worst of the crisis is over. It is hard to agree with this assessment, given the current rates of joblessness and examples of inequality we still witness in the EU today. Economic recovery is welcome, of course, but it is not acceptable if this is achieved at the expense of citizens. The crisis cannot be solved if it does not contain a sound basis in social policy.

This represents a threat to the economic, social and political development of Europe. The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) is convinced that the EU has the potential to combat the crisis. That potential already exists here in Europe, but risks being neglected by leaders and governments who seem determined to push ahead with their current route, instead of looking for a new path.

The trade union movement is striving to unlock this potential; which, sadly, continues to be underused, or undervalued, by many of today’s leaders. It is a potential borne out of a strong industrial base, good public and private sector services, a well-educated population with access to innovative research and educational institutions, and a fair and inclusive society. The EU must mobilise its strengths for a better, more equal, prosperous, democratic and peaceful future.

The European Trade Union Confederation was founded in 1973, and over these past four decades we have made many significant gains in advancing an equitable society in Europe. But now, as the crisis continues, many European politicians seem determined to roll-back on these advances. This must not be allowed to happen. We in the trade union movement will continue to resist any moves that seek to destroy the social dimension of the European project.

There have been many social advances made since European integration began, but since the start of the crisis in 2008, the social dimension of the EU has been non-existent. If European leaders continue to ignore the real needs of people, not only will the EU continue to stagnate, but it will also lose the trust and support of its citizens.

There has been much speculation about the rise of far-right and populist parties in Europe, and how that will affect the working of the European Parliament, should voters chose to express their dissatisfaction that way when they vote for MEPs in May 2014. But we trust in the European citizens: re-installing borders, is not a solution to unemployment; in a globalised world isolation has nothing to offer to future generations. Our countries are too small to fight global competition. They must find a positive way to economic and social integration.

Why A New Path For Europe Is Needed

To this end, the ETUC has launched its manifesto for the European Parliament elections. This document calls on candidates to endorse policies that uphold and foster the social dimension of the European Union; a Europe that provides its citizens with quality jobs and a sound future that seeks an end to austerity, uncertainty and division.  Effectively, we are calling on European citizens to vote for candidates that will change the way the EU is being run.

Regretfully, those same citizens have an increased sense that Europe is not been run on their behalf; and this feeling of loss will continue as long as there is a sense that its political leaders are not prepared to change course. This is why we in the trade union movement are fighting for a new path for Europe.

It is in response to failed policies, both economic and social, that ETUC is calling for this new direction, this new path for Europe. Instead of further cutbacks and austerity, we are proposing an alternative; an investment plan with a long-term perspective that seeks to avoid a lost decade of mass unemployment, precarious work and tax injustice.

In an era when €1,000 billion has been spent to save the financial sector, and the same amount is lost each year in tax evasion and fraud, it is now time to spend money on a sustainable future for European citizens, who have endured much hardship these past years.

Our plan envisages an investment of 2% of European Union GDP over a ten-year period. Such an investment would help in building up a strong industrial base, good public and private services, properly functioning state systems and innovative research and educational institutions.

It is this level of investment that is needed at this time to give our ailing economies a boost, to reverse stagnation and give people hope and confidence for the future.

This is the task facing all of us who care about the European project today; trade unions, citizens, the EU institutions and political leaders. It is a sad fact that many feel let down by the policies of the EU at present. But this does not mean it has to be that way. European trade unions are proposing an alternative, a new path that allows its citizens to share in a different direction. European recovery is not just about keeping markets open, it is also about social protection and cohesion amongst its people. That is what we will continue to fight for.

This column was first published by New Europe


  1. tomthumb015 says

    Oh dear, more socialist diatribe from the LSE, if you want a real debate how about offering a balance point of view for a change? Europe is deluded if it thinks it can just social engineer itself out of all its economic problems. China and America will expand while Europe is left navel gazing over ever more red tape to drown SME’s in?

  2. Klaus Kastner says

    Yes, the only longer-term solution for, say, the Greek economy is foreign investment. Fully agree with that!

    The flaw is, in my opinion, that nowadays automatic reflexes are that such investment must come from official sources like the EU budget or whatever. That, I think, is a mistake. Just consider how much of such official investment would end up in places other than productive investment in Greece!

    The EU could steer private sector foreign investments to Greece by simply agreeing to issue guarantees for the political risk (including a Grexit). That would cost but a few signatures on a piece of paper. For such investments, Greece would have to commit to offer the economic framework which foreign investors desire. If Greece didn’t do that, tough luck. But Greece would be highly incentivated to do that. And once private sector foreign investments come and increase the productive capacity of the Greek economy, the overall situation will improve and a Grexit will become even more unlikely.

  3. Jacob Jonker says

    Now we have a plan,like so many others before it.Will anything change at all in the way Europe and its people are being railroaded into the new feudal era?The unions appear to be caught in the headlights of an oncoming roadtrain,multiple trailer lorry,steamroller at full speed like the proverbial rabbit.The only question which must be answered before there can be any useful dialogue pertains to the role played by the top of the union hierarchies.Are they playing into the hands of the oligarchy which is really in control in the West?The EU Commissariat is only a dictatorship per one remove.They are working hand-in glove for the corporates who control the US.So forget about these targets and plans,they are meaningless,other than to fool the people into the belief that something is going to happen.Unless the people in Europe wake up to the real world,feudal rule is a certainty.